Along with the rapid development of technology that runs dynamically, then this gives a lot of very significant effect on the property field. One is the application of the Smart Home concept, which applies a variety of advanced technologies in modern home systems. This is intended to make the house and its equipment easy to use and to improve the quality of life of its inhabitants.
Compared to conventional homes in general, Smart Home more emphasis on the concept of home based technology applications.
Smart home is part of one of the IOT (Internet of Things) where all objects or daily furniture can be connected to the internet network. Everyday objects or furniture familiar to the life of the people are 'cast' because of the integration of technology in the form of all-round chips. In the case of Smart Home, the Internet of Things will be present in the form of items commonly encountered in most people's homes.
Smart home system is a combined application system between technology and services devoted to the home environment with specific functions aimed at improving the efficiency, comfort and security of its inhabitants.
The intelligent home system consists of control devices, monitoring and automation of several devices or home appliances that can be accessed all with one tool only, that is, applications on a computer, smartphone or other device.
From the above discussion, it is definitely the first advantage of smart home is the use of an all-round easy and sophisticated. Smart home greatly emphasizes the technological sophistication. Embedded features are already sophisticated and modern, can even control one room by using one remote only.
Smart Home is currently in the stage of introduction and habituation to the community. Entering the smallest and most intimate community realm that is the family is certainly not an easy thing. The existence of age and culture gaps in using technology and the internet can also complicate the Smart Home system to be easily accepted and used by our families at home.
Smart Home is a true reflection of technology-based homes in the future. Views in Smart Home are very different from conventional homes. Smart Home greatly emphasizes the technological sophistication.
And Smart Home is not only applied to homes only, but already targeted at residential levels such as apartments.
The concept of this smart home is dominated by technology applications. This application makes it easy for residents of houses and apartments to turn on and off lights, enable air conditioners, televisions, electronic devices to automation systems for door and window operations, via remote or smartphone only.
Planning using smart home technology should begin with setting up the electronic cables at the stage of building your home. Before your house begins construction, the determination of electronic devices should be planned and considered. Like the electronic devices you want to use and the location of the electronics is placed.
After determining the electronic devices you want to use, the second stage is the arrangement of the electronic cables should also be considered when architecture is designing your home. This is because smart home technology requires all cable connections of electronic devices that want to be controlled via smart home system and centered on the main control unit.
Home automation or smart home (also known as domotics or domotica) is the residential extension of building automation and involves the control and automation of lighting, heating (such as smart thermostats), ventilation, air conditioning (HVAC), and security, as well as home appliances such as washer/dryers, ovens or refrigerators/freezers that use WiFi for remote monitoring. Modern systems generally consist of switches and sensors connected to a central hub sometimes called a "gateway" from which the system is controlled with a user interface that is interacted either with a wall-mounted terminal, mobile phone software, tablet computer or a web interface, often but not always via internet cloud services.
While there are many competing vendors, there are very few world-wide accepted industry standards and the smart home space is heavily fragmented. Popular communications protocol for products include X10, Ethernet, RS-485, 6LoWPAN, Bluetooth LE (BLE), ZigBee and Z-Wave, or other proprietary protocols all of which are incompatible with each other. Manufacturers often prevent independent implementations by withholding documentation and by suing people. The home automation market was worth US$5.77 billion in 2015, predicted to have a market value over US$10 billion by the year 2020.
The word "domotics" (and "domotica" when used as a verb) is a contraction of the Latin word for a home "domus" and the words/fields informatics, telematics and robotics. Early home automation began with labor-saving machines. Self-contained electric or gas powered home appliances became viable in the 1900s with the introduction of electric power distribution and led to the introduction of washing machines (1904), water heaters (1889), refrigerators, sewing machines, dishwashers, and clothes dryers. In 1975, the first general purpose home automation network technology, X10, was developed. It is a communication protocol for electronic devices. It primarily uses electric power transmission wiring for signalling and control, where the signals involve brief radio frequency bursts of digital data, and remains the most widely available. By 1978, X10 products included a 16 channel command console, a lamp module, and an appliance module. Soon after came the wall switch module and the first X10 timer. By 2012, in the United States, according to ABI Research, 1.5 million home automation systems were installed. According to Li et. al. (2016) there are three generations of home automation:
First generation: wireless technology with proxy server, e.g. Zigbee automation;
Second generation: artificial intelligence controls electrical devices, e.g. amazon echo;
Third generation: robot buddy "who" interacts with humans, e.g. Robot Rovio, Roomba.
Home automation suffers from platform fragmentation and lack of technical standards a situation where the variety of home automation devices, in terms of both hardware variations and differences in the software running on them, makes the task of developing applications that work consistently between different inconsistent technology ecosystems hard. Customers may be hesitant to bet their IoT future on proprietary software or hardware devices that use proprietary protocols that may fade or become difficult to customize and interconnect. Home automation devices amorphous computing nature is also a problem for security, since patches to bugs found in the core operating system often do not reach users of older and lower-price devices. One set of researchers say that the failure of vendors to support older devices with patches and updates leaves more than 87% of active devices vulnerable.
In general, all electronic devices can be incorporated into the smart home system. From electronic appliances in the kitchen, living room, bedroom, garage, garden, or karaoke room our family likes.
Electronic tools that we can combine into the smart home system is like:
1. Lamp Control
We can control all lights or all electronic appliances inside and outside our home using only one central controller usually installed at the main entrance. Here you can see the state of the ignition or the dead lights and electronic equipment are incorporated.
We can turn off lights or electronic devices upstairs or in other rooms such as in the kitchen or in the garage, when we are in the main door before we get out of the house or will go into the house.
The lights can be switched on and off automatically at specified time, when you want to leave home before work, sightseeing or vacation.
By using a motion detection device, the lights in the bathroom, the garage or the warehouse will be turned on automatically when you enter, and will automatically turn off when you leave the room. So it will light up when there is movement and will be extinguished if there is no movement.
2. Window Curtain and Awning Roof
With just one button, the window curtain in your room can be closed automatically and the indoor lights will turn on automatically to ensure enough light.
With this system also, window curtains and awning roofs can function automatically when the sun or wind is excessive or decreases. All this requires only light and wind detection systems.
3. Security Camera (CCTV)
When you are not in your home, you can see the inside or outside your home just by using a control device like computer, Mobile or PDA connected to your smart home system, a picture of the security camera will be displayed on your Hp or PDA anywhere You are.
Ensure the room is in a comfortable state of temperature when you just come home from work, sightseeing, vacation or shopping from the mall. AC in the house can be switched on and off using a controller like Hp or PDA before you get to the house. So is the lighting equipment like the lights inside your house.
You can also make sure the indoor temperature is at a temperature that fits your will with a temperature control system designed specifically for smart home.
5. Audio & Video System
With just one button, your audio video system will be turned on and the light in the room also changes. Your window blinds are closed automatically, the indoor lights will be even more dingy with the need to watch a favorite movie or TV show.
6. Security System
When the home is left unattended, the smart home security system will automatically activate the alarm and activate the security camera to record the state at home. When your house is entered by a thief, the alarm system will be activated, the siren will sound automatically, you and the security forces (Police / Security Guard) will be contacted automatically. The security camera will also record all movements in your home.
By holding a smart home system, the house not only becomes more comfortable and safe, the use of electricity will also be more efficient.
With the Smart home, the security of a property is more secure, because it is connected to the Internet, then its security system can also connect with the Internet. When you want to monitor the house when you are outside then you can use your smartphone to monitor through CCTV that has been installed in some corner of the room that is connected to the internet. And with Smart home can also minimize theft level, because on some smart home embedded door-based technology, is not relying on the key to open the door, but using a password, fingerprint, card, even with a scanner iris. That is, only the occupants of the house who can access to enter into the house.
And it turns out the concept of Smart Home also upholds Eco-friendly. For example, by utilizing solar power for electricity or hot water, or with rainwater storage systems as an alternative to ground water suction.