You Must Visit Before You Die...
Various information about tourist locations sometimes confuses. Every traveler would want to explore every corner on Earth. However, sometimes confusion determines where to go frequently is often a constraint.
The number of amazing places in the world indeed often makes us wonder which place is better visited earlier.
The world is a very wide cup, it also means many places we can visit. Of the many places that we can visit there are some places that are said to be the most beautiful place, most famous, and so forth. Among the many places the tourist sites the most sought after by everyone. Moreover, tourist sites that have become an icon for their respective countries.
The beauty is not only seen in terms of nature but in terms of history and form the place. Here are the most beautiful tourist spots in the world that are in different parts of the country.
Every country there must have a famous natural tourism even so the world icon. But unfortunately climate change, global warming, natural disasters, and human lifestyle is often a threat to its sustainability. Here are some places in the world that you can visit before you die...
Bali - Indonesia
Bali is a province of Indonesia. The capital of this province is Denpasar. Bali is also one of the islands of Nusa Tenggara Island. At the beginning of Indonesian independence, the island was included in the Lesser Sunda Province of the city of Singaraja, and is now divided into three provinces: Bali, West Nusa Tenggara and East Nusa Tenggara.
Besides consisting of the island of Bali, the province of Bali also consists of smaller islands in the vicinity, namely Nusa Penida Island, Nusa Lembongan Island, Nusa Ceningan Island, Serangan Island, and Menjangan Island.
Geographically, Bali is located between Java Island and Lombok Island. The majority of Bali's population are Hindus. In the world, Bali is well known as a tourism destination with its unique art-culture variety, especially for Japanese and Australian tourists. Bali is also known by the nickname of the Island of the Gods and Pulau Seribu Pura.
Raja Ampat - Indonesia
The Raja Ampat Islands is a series of four adjacent island clusters located in the western part of the Bird's Head (Vogelkoop) of Papua Island. Administratively, this cluster is under Raja Ampat Regency, West Papua Province. This islands are now the destination of divers who are interested in the beauty of underwater scenery. Four groups of islands are named according to the four largest islands, namely Waigeo Island, Misool Island, Salawati Island, and Batanta Island.
Raja Ampat Islands is a very potential place to serve as a tourist attraction, especially diving tours. The waters of the Raja Ampat Islands according to various sources, is one of the 10 best waters for diving sites around the world. In fact, it may also be recognized as number one for the completeness of underwater flora and fauna at this time.
Dr John Veron, an experienced rock expert from Australia, for example, in a site he revealed, Raja Ampat Islands located at the westernmost tip of Papua Island, about 50 miles northwest of Sorong, has the best coral reefs in Indonesia. About 450 species of corals were identified during two weeks of research in the area.
Conservation International, The Nature Conservancy, and the National Oceanographic Institute (LON) of the Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI) conducted rapid assessments in 2001 and 2002. As a result, they noted that in these waters there were more than 540 hard corals (75% of the total species in the world), more than 1,000 species of reef fish, 700 species of mollusks, and the highest record for gonodactyloid stomatopod crustaceans. This makes up 75% of the world's coral species in Raja Ampat. No place with the same area has as many coral species as this.
There are some coral reefs that are still very good condition with the percentage of live coral cover up to 90%, ie in the Dampier strait (strait between Waigeo Island and Batanta Island), Kofiau Islands, Southeast Misool Islands and Wayag Islands. The types of coral reefs in Raja Ampat are generally coral reefs with sloping contours to steep. But also found type of atoll and type of burn or taka. In some places such as Saondarek village, when the lowest tides, can be seen coral reefs without diving and with its own adaptation, the coral can still live even in the open air and exposed to direct sunlight.
Unique species that can be found at the time of diving are several types of sea horses dwarf, wobbegong, and Manta stingray. There is also a fish endemic king of amphibians, namely Eviota king, which is a kind of gobbie fish. At the Manta point located in Arborek Dampier Strait, you can dive with the company of some Pari Manta tame as you dive in the Derawan Islands, East Kalimantan. If you dive in Cape Kri or Chicken Reef, you can be surrounded by thousands of fish. Sometimes a collection of tuna, giant trevallies and snappers. But it is exciting if we are surrounded by a collection of barracuda fish, although in fact it is relatively harmless (which is dangerous if we meet solitary or solitary barracudas). Coral sharks are also often seen, and if lucky you can also see turtles are still eating sponge or swimming around you. In some places like in Salawati, Batanta and Waigeo also seen Dugong or mermaid.
Because of its many islands and narrow straits, most of the dive sites at any given time have strong currents. It is also possible to do drift dive, dive while following a strong current with very clear water while through the collection of fish.
Komodo Island, Indonesia
Komodo (Indonesian Pulau Komodo) is one of the 17,508 islands that compose the Republic of Indonesia. The island is particularly notable as the habitat of the Komodo dragon, the largest lizard on Earth, which is named after the island. Komodo Island has a surface area of 390 square kilometres and a human population of over two thousand. The people of the island are descendants of former convicts who were exiled to the island and who have mixed with Bugis from Sulawesi. The people are primarily adherents of Islam but there are also Christian and Hindu congregations.
Komodo is part of the Lesser Sunda chain of islands and forms part of the Komodo National Park. In addition, the island is a popular destination for diving. Administratively, it is part of the East Nusa Tenggara province.
Borobudur - Indonesia
Borobudur, or Barabudur is a 9th-century Mahayana Buddhist temple in Magelang, Central Java, Indonesia, and the world's largest Buddhist temple. The temple consists of nine stacked platforms, six square and three circular, topped by a central dome. It is decorated with 2,672 relief panels and 504 Buddha statues. The central dome is surrounded by 72 Buddha statues, each seated inside a perforated stupa.
Built in the 9th century during the reign of the Sailendra Dynasty, the temple design follows Javanese Buddhist architecture, which blends the Indonesian indigenous cult of ancestor worship and the Buddhist concept of attaining Nirvana. The temple demonstrates the influences of Gupta art that reflects India's influence on the region, yet there are enough indigenous scenes and elements incorporated to make Borobudur uniquely Indonesian. The monument is a shrine to the Lord Buddha and a place for Buddhist pilgrimage. The pilgrim journey begins at the base of the monument and follows a path around the monument, ascending to the top through three levels symbolic of Buddhist cosmology: Kāmadhātu (the world of desire), Rupadhatu (the world of forms) and Arupadhatu (the world of formlessness). The monument guides pilgrims through an extensive system of stairways and corridors with 1,460 narrative relief panels on the walls and the balustrades. Borobudur has the largest and most complete ensemble of Buddhist reliefs in the world.
Evidence suggests Borobudur was constructed in the 9th century and abandoned following the 14th-century decline of Hindu kingdoms in Java and the Javanese conversion to Islam. Worldwide knowledge of its existence was sparked in 1814 by Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles, then the British ruler of Java, who was advised of its location by native Indonesians. Borobudur has since been preserved through several restorations. The largest restoration project was undertaken between 1975 and 1982 by the Indonesian government and UNESCO, followed by the monument's listing as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Borobudur remains popular for pilgrimage. Once a year, Buddhists in Indonesia celebrate Vesak at the monument, and Borobudur is Indonesia's single most visited tourist attraction.
Uluru Kata, Australia
Uluru is a natural charm found in Australia. Uluru is a huge stone chunk located in Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park. It's about 350 km from Alice String. Uluru or commonly known as Ayers Rock is one of the sacred objects for the Aborigines.
Uluru which has a height of about 348 meters and a circumference of 9.4 km is one of the iconic countries of Australia in addition to the Sydney Opera House, located in the City of Sydney. The right moment to witness the sight of Uluru is in the evening precisely when the sun sets and creates an amazing panorama of nature.
Mount Fujiyama, Japan
Mount Fujiyama is a tourist attraction that has become an icon in Japan in the eyes of the world community. One of the characters of Mount Fuji is known to many people is a large mountain above, the peak of the mountain looks layered by ice. Mount Fujiyama is located on the border of Yamanashi Prefecture and Shizouka. This tourist spot is very interesting many tourists to Japan especially visiting to see Mount Fujiyama.
Machu Picchu, Peru
Macchu Pichu is a site of ancient relics. According to research Machu Picchu is a relic of the Inca Kingdom in the 15th century. Macchu Picchu is located on Mount Macchu Picchu with an altitude of 2430 meters above sea level. Machu Picchu is also mentioned as an Inca City lost due to some parts of its territory including urban areas, and agricultural sections, totaling at least 200 buildings on this old site.
Snowdonia National Park, Wales
Snowdonia is a national park in Wales founded in 1951. Snowdonia is also the largest national park in the national park in the United Kingdom with an area of 2,132 square km hingg. The plains of Snowdonia are dominated by the highlands. And about 52% of the plains of this national park are mountains. In this place offers a stunning natural beauty along the way will be accompanied by hills and rows of mountains.
In the UK was not just a great clock tower is commonly called Big Ben, or a relic site that is thousands of years old Stonehenge. But there is a place that can be used as an interesting place for you that is Cambridge. The old buildings of the building here are warmly kept authentic and do not change much from ancient times and the clean river streams make the atmosphere more beautiful.
Turkey is a country located on two continents when viewed geographically, Turkey is on the border of Europe and Asia. Cappodocia is one of the most famous tourist attractions in Turkey, not only in Turkey but also famous in the World. Cappodocia is a building house and cave made of stone that is completely intact and then perforated to resemble a house and cave.
Cappodocia is in the highlands of Turkey, and you can see the beauty of the whole Cappodocia by using a hot air balloon. But that's only an alternative to the true beauty of Cappodocia if you see it directly from below. According to some people Cappodocia is the most beautiful tourist spot in the world.
Angkor Wat, Kamboja
Angkor Wat (Khmer: អង្គរវត្ត) is a temple or temple located in the city of Angkor, Cambodia. The temple was built by King Suryawarman II in the mid-12th century. The construction of Angkor Wat temple takes 30 years. Angkor Wat is located on the plains of Angkor which is also filled with beautiful temple buildings, but Angkor Wat is the most famous temple on the plains of Angkor. King Suryawarman II ordered the construction of Angkor Wat according to Hindu beliefs that put Mount Meru as the center of the world and is home to Hindu deities, with it's tower Angkor Wat is the highest tower and is the main tower within the Angkor Wat building complex.
As is the mythology of Mount Meru, the temple area of Angkor Wat is surrounded by walls and canals representing the oceans and mountains that surround the world. The main entrance to Angkor Wat, which is half a kilometer adorned by a handrail fence and flanked by a manmade lake known as Baray. The entrance to the temple of Angkor Wat through the gate, representing a rainbow bridge that connects between the natural world with the realms of the gods.
Angkor Wat is in good shape compared to other temples on the Angkor plain because Angkor Wat has been converted into a Buddhist temple and maintained and used continuously when Buddhism replaced Hinduism in Angkor in the 13th century. The temple of Angkor was once colonized by Siam in 1431.
In 1992, Angkor Wat was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
The modern name of Angkor Wat, meaning "Temple of the City"; Angkor is a form of change from the word នគរ nokor derived from the word नगर nagara in Sanskrit which means capital or state. wat is a term in Khmer for temples or temples. Previously the original name of this temple is Preah Pisnulok or Vishnuloka (where Vishnu's god resides), based on the posthumous name of the builder's king, Suryawarman II.
Dead Sea, Yordania
The Dead Sea (or the Salt Sea) is a lake that stretches across the area between Israel, the Palestinian Authority and Jordan. At 417.5 m below sea level, it is the lowest point on the surface of the earth. Dead Sea lies on the border between Jordan and the western part of Palestine, the dead sea has the lowest point on earth at 1,300 feet (400m) below sea level.
Dead Sea geologically formed three million years ago when a small crack in the Jordan Riff Valley where sea water came in and collected, dry climates and high evaporation increased the concentration of minerals in the water. Salt, lime and gypsum are present along this crack and form the lake with the highest salt content.
This lake is called dead sea because there is no life form that can survive in this salt water. Dead Sea has the highest salt content of all the world's oceans. The salt content is about 32% compared to the average 3% salt content in the Mediterranean or Mediterranean. Since the first material contained in the dead sea is known to have an effect to beautify the skin. By applying this mud to the body, the minerals contained in it can improve skin, promote blood circulation and can help health. It has long been known by King Solomon, Cleopatra and Herod the Great that they came to the Dead Sea to obtain the effect.
Goa Marmer Lake Carrera - Chile
Azure Temple, Carrera Lake in Patagonia, Chile, is the most beautiful natural cave in the world. The cave is made naturally, the walls of the marble cave are very beautiful show how amazing our beloved Earth.
Great Wall of China, China
The Great Wall of China is a series of fortifications made of stone, brick, tamped earth, wood, and other materials, generally built along an east-to-west line across the historical northern borders of China to protect the Chinese states and empires against the raids and invasions of the various nomadic groups of the Eurasian Steppe. Several walls were being built as early as the 7th century BC; these, later joined together and made bigger and stronger, are collectively referred to as the Great Wall. Especially famous is the wall built in 220–206 BC by Qin Shi Huang, the first Emperor of China. Little of that wall remains. The Great Wall has been rebuilt, maintained, and enhanced over various dynasties; the majority of the existing wall is from the Ming Dynasty (1368–1644).
Apart from defense, other purposes of the Great Wall have included border controls, allowing the imposition of duties on goods transported along the Silk Road, regulation or encouragement of trade and the control of immigration and emigration. Furthermore, the defensive characteristics of the Great Wall were enhanced by the construction of watch towers, troop barracks, garrison stations, signaling capabilities through the means of smoke or fire, and the fact that the path of the Great Wall also served as a transportation corridor.
The Great Wall stretches from Dandong in the east to Lop Lake in the west, along an arc that roughly delineates the southern edge of Inner Mongolia. A comprehensive archaeological survey, using advanced technologies, has concluded that the Ming walls measure 8,850 km (5,500 mi). This is made up of 6,259 km (3,889 mi) sections of actual wall, 359 km (223 mi) of trenches and 2,232 km (1,387 mi) of natural defensive barriers such as hills and rivers. Another archaeological survey found that the entire wall with all of its branches measures out to be 21,196 km (13,171 mi). Today, the Great Wall is generally recognized as one of the most impressive architectural feats in history.
Grand Canyon, United States
America is a highly developed superpower. There are many malls, casinos, apartments, elite housing complexes, and large-scale movie studios. Among the buildings are luxury buildings America kept a natural beauty that is not less amazing than the natural beauty of other countries.
Here are the natural attractions in America, the Island of Hawaii, Lake Tahoe, California Big Sur, and the most famous is the Grand Canyon. Grand Canyon is a tourist attraction in the United States that many seize the attention of world and world tourists. Natural beauty is found in one of the deserts in the United States.
Famous for its romantic gondolas while enjoying the beautiful buildings of Venice City is certainly the dream of many people. But who would have thought, the increasingly receding river and the buildings are also increasingly sunk the day. Even according to UNESCO research, it is now almost five times faster annually.
Stone town in the region of Amman, Jordan is entered into the world's most beautiful ancient sites. A palace carved on a rock hill. It is estimated that humans inhabit Petra since the 2nd century AD. Buildings made of rock is increasingly receding due to eroded wind, rain and humans who visit it.
The Republic of Maldives is an archipelagic country composed of a collection of atolls (a coral island surrounding a lagoon) in the Indian Ocean. Maldives lies to the south-southwest of India, about 700 km southwest of Sri Lanka. The country has 26 atolls divided into 20 administrative atolls and 1 city. The country is the country with the smallest population and area in Asia. The average height of the surface of the land in the Maldives is 1.5 meters above sea level, making it the lowest surface country in the world. The highest peak of the Maldives is only 2.3 meters above sea level so it is also known as the country with the highest peak in the world. The economic situation of Maldives depends on two major sectors, namely tourism and fisheries. The country is well known to have many beautiful beaches and underwater scenery that attract ± 700,000 tourists each year. Fish catching and processing make the Maldives one of the fish exporters to some Asian and European countries.
Taj Mahal, India
The Taj Mahal (/ˌtɑːdʒ məˈhɑːl, ˌtɑːʒ-/; meaning "Crown of the Palace") is an ivory-white marble mausoleum on the south bank of the Yamuna river in the Indian city of Agra. It was commissioned in 1632 by the Mughal emperor, Shah Jahan (reigned from 1628 to 1658), to house the tomb of his favourite wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The tomb is the centrepiece of a 17-hectare (42-acre) complex, which includes a mosque and a guest house, and is set in formal gardens bounded on three sides by a crenellated wall.
Construction of the mausoleum was essentially completed in 1643 but work continued on other phases of the project for another 10 years. The Taj Mahal complex is believed to have been completed in its entirety in 1653 at a cost estimated at the time to be around 32 million rupees, which in 2015 would be approximately 52.8 billion rupees (U.S. $827 million). The construction project employed some 20,000 artisans under the guidance of a board of architects led by the court architect to the emperor, Ustad Ahmad Lahauri.
The Taj Mahal was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983 for being "the jewel of Muslim art in India and one of the universally admired masterpieces of the world's heritage". It is regarded by many as the best example of Mughal architecture and a symbol of India's rich history. The Taj Mahal attracts 7–8 million visitors a year. In 2007, it was declared a winner of the New 7 Wonders of the World (2000–2007) initiative.
Le Mont-Saint-Michel, Perancis
Mont Saint-Michel (English: Mount Saint Michael) is a rocky tidal island in Normandi, about one kilometer from the northern French coast at the mouth of the Couesnon river near Avranches.
Le Mont-Saint-Michel is a small island with a population of about 50 people. Due to its popularity, the island became a lot of visitors and judged by UNESCO has been over-crowded (fullness of the population).
Prior to the first monastic development in the 8th century, the island was called Mont Tombe. According to legend, the angel Michael appeared to St. Aubert, Bishop of Avranches, in 708 and ordered him to build a church on the island. Aubert several times ignore the instructions, until Michael makes a hole in the bishop's skull with his finger.
In 1067, the monastery of Mont Saint-Michel supported William Normandi who claimed the throne of England. The monastery is given land in England, including a small island west of Cornwall, which mimics the Mount Saint-Michel style and is named Mount St Michael in Penzance.
During the Hundred Years War, British troops repeatedly attacked the island but could not seize it because of its strong defense. Les Michelettes, two iron cannons left by the British in their failed attack on 1423-24, are still on display near the outer defensive wall.
Colosseum - Rome
The Colosseum or Coliseum (also known as the Flavian Amphitheater (Latin: Amphitheatrum Flavium; Italian: Anfiteatro Flavio [aŋfiteaːtro flaːvjo] or Colosseo [kolossɛːo]), is an oval amphitheater in the center of the city of Rome, Italy. Built of travertine, tuff, and brick-faced concrete, it is the largest amphitheater ever built. The Colosseum is situated just east of the Roman Forum. Construction began under the emperor Vespasian in AD 72, and was completed in AD 80 under his successor and heir Titus. Further modification were made during the reign of Domitian (81-96). These three emperors are known as the Flavian dynasty, and the amphitheater is named in Latin for its association with their family name (Flavius).
The Colosseum could hold, it is estimated, between 50,000 and 80,000 spectators, it was used for gladiatorial contests and public spectacles such as mock sea battles ( for hibs, executions, re-enactments of famous battles, and dramas based on Classical mythology. The building ceased to be used for entertainment in the early medieval era. It was later reused for such purposes as housing, workshops, quarters for a religious order, a fortress, a quarry, and a Christian shrine.
Glacier National Park - (US)
Glacier National Park is a national park located in the U.S. state of Montana, on the Canada–United States border with the Canadian provinces of Alberta and British Columbia. The park encompasses over 1 million acres (4,000 km2) and includes parts of two mountain ranges (sub-ranges of the Rocky Mountains), over 130 named lakes, more than 1,000 different species of plants, and hundreds of species of animals. This vast pristine ecosystem is the centerpiece of what has been referred to as the "Crown of the Continent Ecosystem,” a region of protected land encompassing 16,000 square miles (41,000 km2). The superintendent is Jeff Mow.
The region that became Glacier National Park was first inhabited by Native Americans. Upon the arrival of European explorers, it was dominated by the Blackfeet in the east and the Flathead in the western regions. Under pressure, the Blackfeet ceded the mountainous parts of their treaty lands in 1895 to the federal government; it later became part of the park. Soon after the establishment of the park on May 11, 1910, a number of hotels and chalets were constructed by the Great Northern Railway. These historic hotels and chalets are listed as National Historic Landmarks and a total of 350 locations are on the National Register of Historic Places. By 1932 work was completed on the Going-to-the-Sun Road, later designated a National Historic Civil Engineering Landmark, which provided greater accessibility for automobiles into the heart of the park.
Pyramid - Egypt
A pyramid (from Greek: πυραμίς pyramis) is a structure whose outer surfaces are triangular and converge to a single point at the top, making the shape roughly a pyramid in the geometric sense. The base of a pyramid can be trilateral, quadrilateral, or any polygon shape. As such, a pyramid has at least three outer triangular surfaces (at least four faces including the base). The square pyramid, with square base and four triangular outer surfaces, is a common version.
A pyramid's design, with the majority of the weight closer to the ground, and with the pyramidion on top means that less material higher up on the pyramid will be pushing down from above. This distribution of weight allowed early civilizations to create stable monumental structures.
Pyramids have been built by civilizations in many parts of the world. The largest pyramid by volume is the Great Pyramid of Cholula, in the Mexican state of Puebla. For thousands of years, the largest structures on Earth were pyramids—first the Red Pyramid in the Dashur Necropolis and then the Great Pyramid of Khufu, both of Egypt, the latter is the only one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World still remaining.
Khufu's Pyramid is built mainly of limestone (with large red granite blocks used in some interior chambers), and is considered an architectural masterpiece. It contains over 2,000,000 blocks ranging in weight from 2.5 tonnes (5,500 lb) to 15 tonnes (33,000 lb) and is built on a square base with sides measuring about 230 m (755 ft), covering 13 acres. Its four sides face the four cardinal points precisely and it has an angle of 52 degrees. The original height of the Pyramid was 146.5 m (488 ft), but today it is only 137 m (455 ft) high, the 9 m (33 ft) that is missing is due to the theft of the fine quality white Tura limestone covering, or casing stones, for construction in Cairo. It is still the tallest pyramid.
Petra - Jordan
Petra (Arabic: البتراء, Al-Batrāʾ; Ancient Greek: Πέτρα), originally known as Raqmu (Nabataean Arabic: الرقيم), is a historical and archaeological city in southern Jordan. Petra lies on the slope of Jabal Al-Madbah in a basin among the mountains which form the eastern flank of Arabah valley that run from the Dead Sea to the Gulf of Aqaba. It was established possibly as early as the 4th century BC as the capital city of the Nabataean Kingdom. The Nabataeans were nomadic Arabs who invested in Petra's proximity to the trade routes by establishing it as a major regional trading hub.
The trading business gained the Nabataeans considerable revenue, and Petra became the focus of their wealth. The earliest recorded historical reference to the city was when an envious Greek dynasty attempted to ransack the city in 312 BC. The Nabataeans were, unlike their enemies, accustomed to living in the barren deserts, and were able to repel attacks by utilizing the area's mountainous terrain. They were particularly skillful in harvesting rainwater, agriculture and stone carving. The Kingdom's capital continued to flourish until the 1st century AD when its famous Al-Khazneh facade was constructed, and its population peaked at an estimated 20,000 inhabitants.
Encroaching troops of the Roman Empire in 106 AD forced the Nabataeans to surrender. The Romans annexed and renamed the Kingdom to Arabia Petraea. Petra's importance declined as sea trade routes emerged, and after a 363 earthquake destroyed many structures. The Byzantine Era witnessed the construction of several Christian churches. By 700, the city became an abandoned place where only a handful of nomads grazed goats. It remained unknown to Europeans until it was rediscovered in 1812 by Swiss explorer Johann Ludwig Burckhardt, who had read the historical descriptions of Petra and concluded that "there is no other ruin between the extremities of the Dead sea and Red sea, of sufficient importance to answer to that city".
The city is famous for its rock-cut architecture and water conduit system. Another name for Petra is the Rose City due to the color of the stone out of which it is carved. It has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1985. UNESCO has described it as "one of the most precious cultural properties of man's cultural heritage". Petra is a symbol of Jordan, as well as Jordan's most-visited tourist attraction. Tourist numbers peaked at 1 million in 2010, the following period witnessed a slump due to regional instability. However, tourist numbers have picked up recently, and around 600,000 tourists visited the site in 2017.
Tower Of Pisa - Italia
The Leaning Tower of Pisa (Italian: Torre pendente di Pisa) or simply the Tower of Pisa (Torre di Pisa [ˈtorre di ˈpiːza]) is the campanile, or freestanding bell tower, of the cathedral of the Italian city of Pisa, known worldwide for its unintended tilt. The tower is situated behind the Pisa Cathedral and is the third oldest structure in the city's Cathedral Square (Piazza del Duomo), after the cathedral and the Pisa Baptistry.
The tower's tilt began during construction in the 12th century, caused by an inadequate foundation on ground too soft on one side to properly support the structure's weight. The tilt increased in the decades before the structure was completed in the 14th century. It gradually increased until the structure was stabilized (and the tilt partially corrected) by efforts in the late 20th and early 21st centuries.
The height of the tower is 55.86 metres (183.27 feet) from the ground on the low side and 56.67 metres (185.93 feet) on the high side. The width of the walls at the base is 2.44 m (8 ft 0.06 in). Its weight is estimated at 14,500 metric tons (16,000 short tons). The tower has 296 or 294 steps; the seventh floor has two fewer steps on the north-facing staircase. Prior to restoration work performed between 1990 and 2001, the tower leaned at an angle of 5.5 degrees, but the tower now leans at about 3.99 degrees. This means the top of the tower is displaced horizontally 3.9 metres (12 ft 10 in) from the centre.
Christ the Redeemer - Brazil
Christ the Redeemer (Portuguese: Cristo Redentor, standard Brazilian Portuguese: [ˈkɾistu ʁedẽˈtoʁ], local pronunciation: [ˈkɾiɕtŭ̻ xe̞dẽ̞ˈtoɦ]) is an Art Deco statue of Jesus Christ in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, created by French sculptor Paul Landowski and built by the Brazilian engineer Heitor da Silva Costa, in collaboration with the French engineer Albert Caquot. Romanian sculptor Gheorghe Leonida fashioned the face. Constructed between 1922 and 1931, the statue is 30 metres (98 ft) tall, excluding its 8-metre (26 ft) pedestal. The arms stretch 28 metres (92 ft) wide.
The statue weighs 635 metric tons (625 long, 700 short tons), and is located at the peak of the 700-metre (2,300 ft) Corcovado mountain in the Tijuca Forest National Park overlooking the city of Rio de Janeiro. A symbol of Christianity across the world, the statue has also become a cultural icon of both Rio de Janeiro and Brazil, and is listed as one of the New Seven Wonders of the World. It is made of reinforced concrete and soapstone.
Eiffel Tower - Paris
The Eiffel Tower is a wrought iron lattice tower on the Champ de Mars in Paris, France. It is named after the engineer Gustave Eiffel, whose company designed and built the tower.
Constructed from 1887–89 as the entrance to the 1889 World's Fair, it was initially criticized by some of France's leading artists and intellectuals for its design, but it has become a global cultural icon of France and one of the most recognisable structures in the world. The Eiffel Tower is the most-visited paid monument in the world; 6.91 million people ascended it in 2015.
The tower is 324 metres (1,063 ft) tall, about the same height as an 81-storey building, and the tallest structure in Paris. Its base is square, measuring 125 metres (410 ft) on each side. During its construction, the Eiffel Tower surpassed the Washington Monument to become the tallest man-made structure in the world, a title it held for 41 years until the Chrysler Building in New York City was finished in 1930. Due to the addition of a broadcasting aerial at the top of the tower in 1957, it is now taller than the Chrysler Building by 5.2 metres (17 ft). Excluding transmitters, the Eiffel Tower is the second tallest structure in France after the Millau Viaduct.
The tower has three levels for visitors, with restaurants on the first and second levels. The top level's upper platform is 276 m (906 ft) above the ground – the highest observation deck accessible to the public in the European Union. Tickets can be purchased to ascend by stairs or lift (elevator) to the first and second levels. The climb from ground level to the first level is over 300 steps, as is the climb from the first level to the second. Although there is a staircase to the top level, it is usually accessible only by lift.