Deliberate practice is the solution...
Feeling already learning but not understanding with the concept, has been hard training but no improvement at all.
Deliberate practice is a method of practice / learning continuously in the right way. Thus, training activities are specifically planned to improve performance and achieve certain specific goals.
The term was introduced by Anders Ericsson, a researcher from Florida State University who spent most of his life researching experts, what they do to become experts.
Sometimes the notion of deliberate practice is the same with regular practice. Though very different.
Common mistakes that occur about deliberate practice is if you want to master a certain field you have to do it continuously, because practice makes perfect. Not so.
Deliberate practice says, Practice not makes perfect, perfect practice that makes perfect.
So to be an expert, you can not just do repetition. You also need to pay attention to the way it repeats. Not only pay attention to the quantity of practice, but also the quality.
Anders Ericsson in his research results, The Role of Deliberate Practice in the Acquisition of Expert Performance and also his books introduce the elements that need to be taken in doing deliberate practice. Motivation, Well-planned exercise, Feedback, Repetition.
You must complete these four essential elements to achieve results from deliberate practice.
It's not easy, believe me. By reading this article there is no guarantee that you will become an expert. You have to practice it.
This is the step you need to do, along with the actual example (you can customize as your needs):
You need to have great motivation to do this. When you understand your goals and your motivation is great to achieve them, you can do deliberate practice to develop your skills. Remember, never be afraid to challenge yourself more and more.
There are two elements to motivate yourself.
(Intrinsic element) I want to be a soccer player of the world beyond Ronaldo, and I do not want to disappoint the club that has paid me, when I'm like that then I will feel the inner satisfaction because I've played well against my club.
(Extrinsic Elements) If I have mastered the material about how to dribble well then I drink milk because I have mastered dribble well, otherwise I will not drink milk before I mastered dribble material.
Of these two motivations, it is the intinsic motivation that proves to last longer, because it is based on the satisfaction you get from the activity itself.
To find it you just need to find the activity that you really like, do what makes you like, do not do something because you have to.
But that does not mean extrinsic motivation is also not important, let alone what you do with regard to the profession.
In this case, you have to learn a lot from Larry Bird, an MBA legend.
At the peak of his glory he may be the greatest player in the MBA. But Lary did not get it easily. Although he was awarded as the best newcomer to the MBA in 1980 and has been awarded the Most Valuable Player (MPV) in the MBA league three times in a row, Lary can not jump higher or run faster than the average of other players.
Fortunately he knows how important motivations and benefits of practice are. He has been practicing basketball since the age of four and is still training hard in his heyday.
Even during the holidays, Lary prefers time to play basketball because that's his love, not the material it produces.
What is the target of your training? Without a clear target and plan you will not achieve anything. Kobe Bryant, an NBA basketball player, for example. He has one major target in his practice: capable of doing three-point throws from any area. His training plan was simple: doing 1300 three-point shots every day.
Basically the exercises in deliberate practice are specifically designed to improve our ability. Before making a clear target or goal of what we want to master. With a clear target we will more Focus with things we want to improve.
A soccer player. Call it for example Steven Gerrard, England captain and Liverpool FC (formerly). Does he play the ball every day? Well, he plays ball every week of course. But he does not play ball every day. The truth is he exercises every day. What is his training? He exercises strength and fitness every day (so do not lose if the body race). He exercises agility run. He exercises ngebangun attack. He is a passing practice (the passing that is already really good is still being trained again, Men. He does shooting exercises, corner kick exercises, free kick exercises, etc.
3. Create a Schedule Routine...
Another important element of deliberate practice is that it must be repeated many times. Therefore you need to create a regular schedule.
1300 throws every day, imagine right? Keep in mind, not just repeat but repetition with improvement. Focus on what you need to improve to improve your performance. Not the other way around, repeating things you've been able to do automatically.
Continue, if the context in the lesson how? Well, this is actually very clear. Such as examples in mathematics - there are many, such as algebra, arithmetic, factoring, vector use, etc. These are all repetitive exercises. The more you do that, the better you will be.
Aaccording to Ericsson, experts also have similarities in doing exercise routines:
They practice without resting for about an hour.
They practice in the morning with a fresh mind.
They practice the same amount every day, including on weekends.
They practice 4-5 times a day, each about an hour.
If they do not get enough rest, they can get injured and experience fatigue.
Regular schedules are better than you practice at one time in a marathon. Marathon training makes your body and mind tired and unable to capture learning outcomes well.
In the meantime, regular lighter exercises are done and make your mind more receptive to input.
Ericsson added that this deliberate practice activity is not fun and requires a very high mental. Need focus and need high concentration. So if you still feel relaxed learning, it means less.
So, here it is. If you want to improve your skills, what will you do? Choose from these 2 options:
Do what you can do.
You try hard to do things that usually you can not do, in the hope that you can be later.
Yeah, you have to choose the second one. Why? If you choose the first one, your abilities will not increase. If you choose the second, your ability can increase. Well, that's why Deliberate Practice is not that much fun. Because you must force yourself to do things that can not yet.
Therefore, we need to have enough motivation to do deliberate practice. Without enough motivation, we can get bored and give up on the road. One way is to find a good reason to do something. Deliberate practice that will also drain a lot of energy. There have been studies of neuroscience as well on this subject. People who think hard of his brain will consume much of the glucose present in your blood. So if you learn seriously, you are easy to feel hungry. This is because glucose is consumed by the brain.
In doing deliberate practice there are important things to note is the feedback or good feedback from the exercise. With this feedback we will know whether the exercise that we have been doing is effective or not. If not yet where we have to fix it. From this feedback is what will provide direction to us.
Regular schedule, repetition, motivation and concentration alone will not make you master a particular field. You should compare your results to the existing standards.
You must find the mistakes, then fix them. And this is where the importance of a feedback.
There are several ways to get feedback:
Compare yourself to your expertise or standards.
Find a mentor (friends, teachers, etc.) that will give you feedback.
Join the competition.
One of the best examples of doing deliberate practice with the power of feedback is Benjamin Fraklin.
When he wanted to learn to be a good writer, he learned from articles published by Spectator, a famous magazine from England at the time. He will pick and read the articles he likes.
A few days later, he tried to rewrite the article in his own words. Then he compares with the original article to find the mistakes he made. Through that feedback, Benjamin Franklin transformed into one of the best American writers of his time.
So, let's start now we try to learn the right by using Deliberat Practice, for us expert in our respective field of expertise.
6. Do It Well...
There is not a professional swimming expert who is an expert with just reading a swimming tutorial book. Similarly, these steps are meaningless if you do not do well.
Deliberate Practice is not just a repetition. It requires commitment, focus, effort, and strong mental endurance.
If you make it through all the stages, you will get improved performance and become an expert in your field.